Down Syndrome

Looking Towards the Future: Employment for People with Down Syndrome

Three years ago I began my undergraduate career at a university uncertain about what I wanted to study. My family chastised my indecisiveness and would frequently question me regarding my major and job prospects. A child’s development is a crucial concern for parents. Questions flow through their mind constantly. Will my child be healthy? Will they be happy in the future? Am I doing enough to support them? How are they going to turn out? This can be inherently stressful for parents who have children with down syndrome.

People with down syndrome may possess a number of health complications including heart and gastrointestinal defects, immune disorders, sleep apnea, and obesity. Along with the physical difficulties, those with down syndrome moderate cognitive impairment, language difficulties, and memory issues. In a 2016 survey conducted with 511 adults with down syndrome, it was found that along with high unemployment, a large number of people with down syndrome were limited to working in food, janitorial, landscaping, and office sectors of work (Kumin and Schoenbrodt, 2016).

However, despite the challenges that those with down syndrome face, employment and success are not unattainable. A mother from the Institutes for the Achievement of Human Potential spoke about her daughter Mila, who has down syndrome. The first few weeks following Mila’s birth was filled with emotional turmoil; doctors diagnosed her with a congenital heart defect. Her mother immediately addressed issues with Mila’s physical and mental development including, treatment for her heart condition, enrolling her in reading programs, exercising with her, and teaching her foreign languages. Despite being five, she is now able to read at the level of an eight-year-old. There are also instances where people with down syndrome who strive on to become business owners, politicians, or entrepreneurs. In January of 2018, a story was done by BBC regarding John Cronin, an entrepreneur possessing down syndrome. Cronin began a business selling socks with a portion of the proceeds going to charities that support those with disabilities.

The future can be daunting for any parent, child, or adult. It is important that we acknowledge that those possessing down syndrome are capable of living fulfilling and enriching lives, despite the physical and mental complications they possess. As Mark Cronin, father of John Cronin stated “, When I talk to employers I tell them it is absolutely imperative that they hire people with disabilities. Not because it’s the right thing to do, not because they’re nice guys, but because everybody is looking for good workers. This is a vast, untapped pool of great workers.”


The Institutes for the Achievement of Human Potential. (2017, March 7). Down Syndrome Success Story: Mila.

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Down syndrome. (2018, February 01).

Cheetham, J. (2018, January 13). The million dollar sock entrepreneur with Down’s syndrome.

Kumin, L., & Schoenbrodt, L. (2016). Employment in Adults with Down Syndrome in the United States: Results from a National Survey. Journal Of Applied Research In Intellectual Disabilities, (4), 330. doi:10.1111/jar.12182