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Personality Disorders

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Schizotypal Personality Disorder and Socialization

Schizotypal personality disorder (StPD) is characterized by acute discomfort or reduced capacity for close relationships, as well as by cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities. In a study by Skodol et. al, “patients with schizotypal and borderline personality disorder have significantly more impairment at work, in social relationships, and at leisure than patients with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder or major depressive disorder; patients with avoidant personality disorder were intermediate.” Some of the reasons for this can be attributed to the nature of the more severe personality disorder. But how do the symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder bring about these effects?