For people with SPD, they often appear to lack a desire for intimacy, and will avoid close relationships with others. They usually prefer to spend time with themselves rather than socialize or be in a group of people. This behavior does not come from a contempt or anxiety from being around other people; rather, people with SPD are more or less indifferent to social experiences.
Schizotypal personality disorder (StPD) is characterized by acute discomfort or reduced capacity for close relationships, as well as by cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities. In a study by Skodol et. al, “patients with schizotypal and borderline personality disorder have significantly more impairment at work, in social relationships, and at leisure than patients with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder or major depressive disorder; patients with avoidant personality disorder were intermediate.” Some of the reasons for this can be attributed to the nature of the more severe personality disorder. But how do the symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder bring about these effects?
Schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders are characterized by long-standing patterns of detachment from social relationships and difficulty in establishing and maintaining those relationships.
…about solving interpersonal conflicts!
If you’ve been feeling anxious, upset, or angry lately, and maybe need a little nudge in the right direction to resolve it, we’ve got something that might help:
People with BPD have very heightened emotional responses to everyday situations. Recall the last bad day you had, maybe you had gotten sick during a busy week, or fought with a best friend, or had a significant other break up with you. The emotions you feel in those moments may be intense enough for you to not pay attention to much else. Now imagine, experiencing this not only during times of crisis, but on a daily basis.
Borderline personality disorder has a long history shrouded in misconceptions. The term ‘borderline’ itself originated from an old psychiatric convention, as some categorized patients with the disorder as being on the ‘border’ of psychosis and neurosis since they overlapping symptoms of both.
Borderline personality disorder is one of the most highly stigmatized mental illnesses. However, unlike other illnesses, the stigma associated with BPD often comes from mental health professionals (NAMI).
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is one of the hardest personality disorders to treat. Not much is known on ASPD compared to more common mental illnesses. According to Lenzenweger, et al. only 0.6% of the U.S population has been diagnosed with ASPD (2007).
Now, 0.6 % percent may not seem like a large percentage. However, when multiplied with the U.S. population of 318 million people, over 1.9 million people in the U.S. are living with ASPD.
The term antisocial personality disorder, or APD, brings a few things to mind. The word antisocial itself might remind you of the kind of person who is shy, maybe a little quiet and tends to stick to themselves. However, this does not fully encompass traits associated with antisocial personality disorder. Personality disorders are a class of mental disorders characterized by rigid and unhealthy patterns in an individual’s thoughts, behavior, and functioning. (Mayo Clinic, 2014) The DSM IV-TR criteria for antisocial personality disorder includes pervasive patterns of disregard for the rights of others, such as deceitfulness, irresponsibility, lack of remorse or empathy, and aggressiveness.