Anxiety and Anxiety DisordersCategory
But, as most science-related classes will teach us at one point or another, correlation does not equal causation, so an individual may have an anxiety disorder and never develop anorexia nervosa, or another individual will develop an anxiety disorder and soon after develop anorexia nervosa.
One way of providing treatment to a wider range of those who need it is through the Internet using Internet-delivered CBT, or ICBT (Vigerland et al. 2013). This special kind of cognitive behavioral therapy has done well with adults who have anxiety disorders, and there are also studies that have demonstrated that this method can make for good results with children as well (Vigerland et al. 2013).
More research needs to be done to analyze the association between these factors, but the relationship found in this study suggests that experiencing stigma can put an individual at a higher risk of developing a mental health disorder, especially more vulnerable populations like those with intellectual disabilities (Ali et al., 2015).
They don’t get treatment because they don’t want it, and often one reason why they don’t want it is because of the stigma surrounding mental illness. They see the way people with mental illnesses are portrayed on the evening news, they see news anchors warning their viewers that having a mental illness makes a person violent and undesirable. Even though this is not at all the truth about people with mental illnesses, who would want to be linked to such terrible ideas?
People with an anxiety disorder, for example, may turn to alcohol in order to feel better, thus establishing a coping strategy for their mental illness based on avoiding their anxiety disorder (Gorka et al., 2014). Research concerning the internalizing pathway to developing an AUD has been conflicting: some studies have suggested that having an anxiety disorder puts an individual at a higher risk for AUD onset, while others have found that having an anxiety disorder reduces an individual’s risk (Gorka et al., 2014). Because of these disagreeable findings we can conclude that there are other factors at work that have an influence over the relationship between anxiety disorders and the onset of an alcohol use disorder.
Not only have we seen the effects of exposure-based therapy in efficacy studies and clinical studies, but when comparing it to SSRI medication and psychotherapy as treatments for anxiety disorders, exposure-based CBT has proven to be the most superior form of treatment (Wolitzky-Taylor, Zimmermann, Arch, De Guzman, & Lagomasino, 2015).
Anxiety is a natural response that our bodies use when confronted with stressful situations. Everyone has experienced nervousness or apprehension before a big event at some point in their life, but for people with an anxiety disorder, that worry and uneasiness can hit them sporadically and start to negatively impact the way they live. Even though anxiety disorders are the most common mental illnesses in the United States, only “about one-third of those suffering receive treatment” (“Facts and Statistics”).