Post-traumatic stress disorder has been referred to as a soldier’s “invisible wounds” (“About Us”) from battle, the new fight they face even after returning from war. Dr. Danny Wedding and Dr. Ryan M. Niemiec, two psychologists, write in their book Movies and Mental Illness about twenty-nine movies that show characters with diagnosed PTSD or PTSD-like symptoms. Though most of those films featured veterans and war victims, not one of them featured a female with PTSD. This is despite the fact women are about twice as likely as men to develop PTSD (“PTSD Statistics”).
When PTSD was first being researched, it focused mainly on the male veterans returning from the Vietnam War. Researchers only looked into PTSD in females in relationship to the behaviors and symptoms shown by female rape victims (“Women, Trauma, and PTSD”). In 2012, over three-thousand sexual assaults were reported to the Department of Defense, 88% of the victims being women (Hlad). Between their increased risk of exposure to trauma due to combat and the risk of sexual assault in the military, servicewomen are put in a situation with two of the triggers commonly associated with causing PTSD. Yet, the National Center for PTSD in 2014 said future research needs to be done to determine the effects of this exposure on women.
So, females in the military are being passed over in Hollywood films that feature the debilitating condition that they are more prone to than their male counterparts. Even science has not done enough research to determine just how much more they are at risk. And now, people are ignoring the plight as even documentaries about soldiers with PTSD feature mostly men. Out of six documentaries specifically focusing on PTSD and adjustment back into civilian life, five of the films featured just men. The last film featured one woman and her struggle (“About the Film”).
With more and more stories coming out about women being sexually assaulted in the military, and the plight of veterans with PTSD gaining more and more exposure, there is no reason for the lack of representation of these invisible warriors in our society. These women have served our country above and beyond and risk so much only to come home scarred. Just as giving young girls role models they can look up to can bolster confidence (Periera), showing these warriors that society has acknowledged their wounds and that they are not alone can make all the difference to a soldier in a dark place.
Hlad, Jennifer. “Does Military Culture Foster Environment of Sex Abuse?” Stripes.com. Stars and Stripes, 23 May 2013. Web. 20 Apr. 2015. http://www.stripes.com/news/does-military-culture-foster-environment-of-sex-abuse-1.222408
“Myths about Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.” PTSD Alliance. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://www.ptsdalliance.org/about_myths.html
“About Us.” Invisible Wound. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://invisiblewound.org/about-us/
Wedding, Danny, and Ryan M. Niemiec. “Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders.” Movies and Mental Illness: Using Films to Understand Psychopathology. 4th ed. Boston: Hogrefe, 2014. 108, 110-112. Web. https://books.google.com/books?id=Zd3sAwAAQBAJ&pg=PP4&lpg=PP4&dq=movies+and+mental+illness+4th+edition&source=bl&ots=dEiNkt1cVC&sig=_7oNpma6aH6EqT0-78A-kIbEAd8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3Qs0VZaILYO1sATxuYGoBw&ved=0CDoQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q&f=false
Grohol, John M. “DSM-5 Changes: PTSD, Trauma & Stress-Related Disorders.” Psych Central Professional. Psychcentral.com, 28 May 2013. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://pro.psychcentral.com/dsm-5-changes-ptsd-trauma-stress-related-disorders/004406.html
“PTSD Statistics.” PTSD United. PTSD United, Inc., 2013. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://www.ptsdunited.org/ptsd-statistics-2/
Niemiec, Ryan. “About Ryan M. Niemiec.” Ryan Niemiec. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://www.ryanniemiec.com/about.html
“Danny Wedding, PhD, MPH: Alumni Directory.” Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: Health Policy Fellows. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://www.healthpolicyfellows.org/secure/alumni-bio.php?id=4440
“About the Film.” HIDDEN BATTLES. VSM Productions. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://hiddenbattles.com/about/
Stuever, Hank. “TV Review: HBO’s ‘Wartorn: 1861-2010’ Explores Battles off the Field.” The Washington Post 11 Nov. 2010. The Washington Post Company. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/10/AR2010111006971.html
Friedman, Matthew J. “PTSD History and Overview.” U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. The National Center for PTSD, 25 Mar. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/PTSD-overview/ptsd-overview.asp
“Not Just a Military Problem: Four Signs You May Have Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.”American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. 19 June 2013. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. https://www.afsp.org/news-events/in-the-news/not-just-a-military-problem-four-signs-you-may-have-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
“Women, Trauma, and PTSD.” U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. National Center for PTSD, 3 Jan. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/women/women-trauma-and-ptsd.asp
Periera, Eva. “The Role Model Effect: Women Leaders Key To Inspiring The Next Generation.” Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 19 Jan. 2012. Web. 6 May 2015.
Wedding, Danny, Ryan M. Niemiec, and Mary Ann Boyd. “Appendix F.” Movies and Mental Illness 3: Using Films to Understand Psychopathology. 3rd ed. Boston: Hogrefe, 2010. Web. http://www.hogrefe.com/program/media/flyingbooks/600371/files/600371.pdf